Ethical Exchange: Martin Luther on divestment

“Luther holds Christians to a high standard in the economic realm. As he writes in Trade and Usury,

There are four Christian ways of exchanging external goods with others….The first way is to let them rob or steal our property….The second way is to give freely to anyone who needs it….The third way is lending [expecting nothing in return]….The fourth way of exchanging goods is through buying and selling, but for hard cash or payment in kind [not credit].”

Laura M. Hartman, “Consumption, Ethics, and the Environment: A Lutheran Perspective,” Journal of Lutheran Ethics, March 2013. citing Luther, Trade and Usury, 255-256,259.

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